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Medieval Castle - The Building of a Miniature Model

The first Medieval Castle Miniature that I am building. It is an exercise of learning the Middle Ages history and what these magnificent monuments represented.

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KEY WORDS: Castle, Medieval, Middle Ages, Wall, Battlements, Brick, Keep, Medieval Castle, Car Body Filler, Miniature, Model, Prototype, Mold.


The medieval castles we see in the internet and in the movies are so mysterious and fascinating that our imagination sometimes takes us to a time of knights and kings in some kingdom so long gone. There are many amazing stories about them. They often had a very rustic structure and an imposing size. It makes one think about how hard it was to build them and how many eyes saw all that happened inside and around these fortresses. The many hands that did the hard work when they were built to endure some centuries and all the blood that was shed to keep them for, sometimes, a not so long period of time, certainly, make one remember how the value of a human life can be relative to the time and place a person was in the human history. Important kings went to wars. Still,  of some of them what we can see first are the ruins of their castles. It makes one remember that nothing lasts forever. The old castles played an important role in the history and still today they do by raising millions of dollars by the tourism every year, just to say a few words about them.

 Welcome to a journey to the time of the Medieval Castles through the building of a miniature castle.


First part

Making Prototype and the molds

 The castle been built in this project is not a replica of any one ever made, but it comes from the imagination of the one who writes about it. Some research was made and it must have as many characteristics of me medieval casts as possible. The project has no pretensions to being accurate and much scientific, instead it is here to amuse and to remember what castles were.


The first thing I thought about the castle was the wall. The large bricks of stone are the basic units of the construction. Obviously I could not make the bricks one by one, because it would take too much time. So my basic unit should be one piece of wall. In the first steps I took two small wood boards in which I drew some horizontal lines representing the height of the bricks. Then vertical lines were drawn to represent the width of the bricks.

The vertical lines were cut about 1.5mm deep to represent the mortar space.

In one of these wood boards the first and the last columns have half a brick, but in the other one all the columns have the whole bricks. They were cut in the horizontal lines and the slices were used to compound a zigzag aspect.


The following step is to make a mold.

At this moment I do not intend to describe how the silicone molds are made since there are a lot of good tutorials in the internet telling how to make them.

This is part of the wall straight from the mold.

The final aspect must be of an eroded wall. It is obvious that the wall of an old castle should not appear as if it was made today. This way, some extra erosion work must be done later.

The picture below represents the main parts prototypes. These parts were made from scratch, sculpted in car body filler.



Part 2

Joining the parts together

Now it is time to join the parts together. I used an instantaneous glue to reduce the assemblage time. For the base a piece of plywood was used mainly to get walls aligned. The thickness of the plywood does not matter, but in this case it is 4mm thick.

In this picture we can see a bit of how it will seem from the inside.


The two following pictures show the outside view.



It was necessary to make molds for the doorway and the window frame because there were so many items to make. The pictures are the ones below in the respective order.


Getting round and rounded shapes

I made only a flat mold of the wall. So, to get a round or a rounded shape using car body filler is not easy without molds of these forms or smoothing them with sandpaper. But, fortunately, there is a trick to this. Once prepared, the car body filler has, during the cure time,  an intermediate state that resembles silicone rubber (I am not sure if that happens with all brands). Then one can take advantage of it by tying the part being made to something round. I used masking tape to do that. Leave it until it cures completely. What was explained can be seen in the picture below.


The corner towers

I did no like the corner towers I made formerly, they looked so small for the castle. So, I decided that I should make another ones. The difference  can be seen in the following  two pictures. The left one with the former towers, the right one with the new towers.



Pictures update #1


Pictures update #2


Pictures update #3



Pictures update #4

I thought it was necessary to say that the colors in the most recent pictures are not the ones the castle must have when finished.


Part 3

First Project Review

Application of the first and the second texture layers. Still far from the end of the project.



This work is still on the way.




There is more on this to show and will be added as soon as possible.
Ivan Gouveia

Post graduate in Computer Networking from FACIMED - Faculty of Biomedical Sciences of Cacoal. Graduate in Information Technology from UNESC - Union of Colleges of Cacoal. Has a CCNA (Cisco) as complementary course on Computer Networks. Is professional in the field of Electronics and Computer Programming. Programmer in languages Delphi and Visual Basic.